:: Kodaikanal Vegetables ::
Potato Potato :
Potato Flower

Carrot :
The vegetable crops known as root crops include carrot, parsnip, salsify, beet, radish, turnip and horseradish. These crops develop enlarged storage organs called roots. They contain fairly large quantities of starch and the size, shape, color of skin, and flesh vary greatly with the crop.

A transverse section of the fleshy root shows two distinct regions: 1). The outer and 2) The inner. The outer tissues consist of a thin periderm and a relatively wide band of storage tissue. The periderm reduces transpiration to a minimum and resists the attacks of invading organisms, and the storage tissue of mature roots stores relatively large quantities of starch and carotene (The precurson of Vitamin A) and moderate quantities of sugar, thiamin, and riboflavin. The inner core consists of xylem and pith. High - quality carrots contain a relatively small inner core. Scientists have shown that the outer tissue contain more carotene than the inner.

Snap Bean

Snap Bean:
are of two types 1. The dwarf and 2. The pole. Dwarf varieties produce short, erect, much- branched, determinate stems; and pole varieties develop long, twined rarely branched indeterminate stems. The leaves of both types consist of three leaflets. These leaflets are either broad and ovate, or long and narrow. The pods vary in shape (flat, oval, or round ).

Wax Bean Wax Bean :
Wax Bean

Radish :
The enlarged roots of the many varieties and types vary greatly in color, shape, size, season of maturity, and texture of the flesh. The leaves are simple and are arranged in the form of a rosette on a short stem. Eventually the stem elongates and produces flowers, fruit, and seed.

Red Radish

Capsicum :
are grown in many warm - and cool - temperate areas of the world. Three types of capsicum peppers are grown : 1. Sweet, 2. Pimiento, and 3. Hot, or pungent. Sweet peppers are relatively large and are eaten fresh or cooked. Pimiento peppers are heart-shaped and are used in cheese and in seasoning. Hot peppers are moderately small and are used for canning and the making of paprika and chili sauce.

Dwarf Bean Dwarf Bean :
Dwarf Bean

develops a short stem and a large terminal bud called the head. The head is the principal food storage organ and is the part used for human consumption. It varies in size, shape, color, edible quality, and adaptability for storage, according to the variedty.

Varietal Types:
Three general types are recongnized: 1. Early, which may be pointed or round and small-headed; 2. Mid- Season, which may be round, flat, or savoyed medium - to large-headed; and 3. Late, which may be round, or medium - to large- headed.

Cauli Flower

is grown for its so-called curd which is formed by the stem system with short internodes. No flower primordia are present in the flwerlike stem terminal, or curd. The leaves of Cauliflower are eliptical, longer than tose of cabbage, and are used to cover and protect the curd from light and wind which causes it to become brown.

Cauli Flower

It is locally known as 'Nukol', it develops a short, fleshy, turniplike stem. The enlarged stem is the storgae organ and contains starches and sugars. The leaves are comparatively small and oval.


It has green, hairy leaves, an indistinct crown, and a relatively small, fleshy root, which is free of secondary roots frequently arising from sides of the relatively enlarged fleshy root.

Varietal Types:
Two groups of Turnip exist: 1) White and 2) Yellow of these, the white- fleshed is the more widely grown. Within this group, certain varieties are grown primarily for their tops which are used for greens, and other varieties are grown primarily for their fleshy roots.

Lima Bean

Lima Bean:
There are tow groups within each type: 1) Small -seede d and 2) Large -seeded. Plant of the small -seeded type have erect stems, glabrous, nohairy leaves, and small, numerous pods; whereas plants of the large-seeded types have large, thick leaves and large, relatively few pods.

Lima beans are grown in home gardens.

Lima Bean
Lima Bean

Beat Root:
Garden Beets are grown in home and market gardens in countries within the temperate zones of the world. The enlarged root of the garden beet is quiet distinct from that of the other root crops. A cross section shows alternate circular bands of storage and conducting tissues. Frequently, the wide bands are darker than the narrow bands. The contrast in color between these alternate bands is known as zoning. The leaves are simple, oblate and long and are arranged on a short stem called the crown. They vary from dark purple to light green. The fuit cluster, or seedball, usually consists of several ovaries, each of which contains a single seed.

Lima Bean

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